OBJECTIVE OF FIVE HUNDRED: Reach 500 points first.
NUMBER OF PLAYERS: 2-6 players
NUMBER OF CARDS: 43 card pack
RANK OF CARDS: A (high), K, Q, J, 10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4
RANK OF SUITS: NT (No Trumps) > Hearts > Diamonds > Clubs > Spades
TYPE OF GAME: Trick-Taking
INTRODUCTION TO FIVE HUNDRED
Despite Five Hundred being the official national card game of Australia, it was actually developed in the United States and copyrighted there in 1904. The game’s name is a reference to its objective- be the first player or team to reach a score of 500 points. It is a variation of Euchrewith these following changes:
- Players are dealt 10 cards as opposed to 5,
- trump is not turned up, rather it is chosen by the player willing to contract for the greatest number of tricks,
- the pack size is adjusted to allow all cards to be dealt to players except three to the kitty, which can be used by the highest bidder.
Add more packs of cards to accommodate games with large groups of players. Below are the rules for the more popular Australian version of the game in addition to variations.
Players & Cards
Most games have four players with teams of 2 sitting across from each other.
a 43 card pack is used that contains:
- A, K, Q, J, 10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4 in red suits,
- A, K, Q, J, 10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5 in black suits,
- One Joker referred to as a bird. (Australian card decks depict a Kookaburra as opposed to a Jester)
In the trump suit the highest card is the joker, then the jack of the trump suit (the right bower or rb), then the other jack that is the same color (the left bower or lb). The ranking is therefore Joker, RB, LB, A, K, Q, 10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5 or 4. Trump suits outrank the others.
The word bower is an Anglicization of the German word Bauer, which means farmer, peasant, or pawn. Bauer is often used to refer to jacks in German card games.
The deal, bidding, and play moves clockwise. The initial dealer is chosen randomly. Cards are shuffled, cut, and then ten cards are passed to each player and 3 face-down in the middle of the table to create the kitty. The pattern of dealing is as follows: 3 cards to each player, 1 card to the kitty, 4 cards to each player, 1 card to the kitty, 3 cards to each player, 1 card to the kitty.
Bidding begins with the player to the left of the dealer and moves clockwise.
A trick refers to a round or unit of play on a hand within a trick-taking game. Tricks are evaluated to determine a winner or taker.
The potential bids are:
- The number of tricks (minimum of six) and the trumping suit, this bid indicates the total number of tricks them and their partner will take and the trumping suit for that hand.
- A number, of at least six, of “No Trumps,” referred to as “No-ies.” This bid indicates a player and their partner will try to win with that number of tricks without a trumping suit. No Trumps means the Joker will be the only trump card.
- Misere (Nullo, Nello, Nula), it is a contract to lose all tricks. Play alone, a partner drops out. The bid means the player is not attempting to win any tricks. Misère is French for extreme poverty.
- Open Misere is similar to a misere but the contractor’s hand is displayed face-up after the first trick.
- Blind Misere is the same bid as Misere but occurs before a player looks at their cards.
- Bids can be made Sans Kitty, meaning they players will fulfill the contract of their bid without the kitty.
A player who does not bid can pass. If all players pass the cards are thrown in and the hand ends.
After a bid, each subsequent bid must be higher. A higher bid is either more tricks or an equal number of tricks in a higher suit. The suit rankings outlined above apply. The lowest bid is 6 Spades and the highest possible bid is 10 No Trumps.
A Misere is higher than a bid of 7 and lower than a bid of 8. It can only be bid after someone has bid 7.
An Open Misere is a bid higher than the 10 of diamonds and lower than the 10 of hearts. One does not need to wait for any particular level of bid, it can even be the first bid.
If you pass you are not permitted to bid again. The bidding continues until all but one player has passed. The highest bid becomes a contract the bid winner (or contractor) has to make.
There is an American variation to bidding where there is only one round of bidding and whoever bids highest becomes the contractor.
The contractor starts by picking up the three cards in the kitty, without showing them to other players, and discarding three cards in their hand in their place. Cards in the kitty may be included. If the bid was Misere or Open Misere the contractor’s partner does not participate in game play and places their cards face-down on the table.
The contractor initiates the first trick and other players follow suit if possible. A player without cards in the leading suit may play any card. The highest trump wins (takes) the trick. If there are not trumps played, the highest card of the lead suit wins. The winner of a trick leads in the next trick. After all ten tricks are played the hand is scored.
If the contractor bid Open Misere after the first trick their hand must be exposed on the table. The rest of the hand is played in this fashion.
Play of Joker
The joker is the highest trump if there is a trump suit.
If the bid is No Trumps, Misere, Open Misere, or Blind Misere the joker can be used either:
- The contractor who holds the joker nominates the suit it belongs to. This must be done before gameplay. Joker is then high card of that suit, OR
- In the even the contractor does not hold the joker, or holds it and does not nominate a suit for it, it does not belong to a suit. It acts as the highest card as the pack and beats the trick it is played in. However, there are restrictions on when it may be played:
- If the trick was led by another player you can only play the joker if you have no cards in that same suit.
- If the contract is any Misere you must play the joker if you have no cards of the leading suit. However, in No Trump this is not necessary, you may discard any card of any suit and play the joker in a later trick.
- Lead with a joker and nominate the suit. The suit must have not been previously led in a trick.
- If all four suits have been led the joker can only be played in the last trick.
If you are a contractor in Misere you may nominate the Joker as belonging to any suit. The Joker may then be played in a trick led by a suit not in hand. If you forget to nominate the suit the misere automatically fails, that is because the Joker wins the trick when you play it.
Teams keep cumulative scores which are added to or subtracted from with each hand.
The scores for the various bids are as follows:
TRICKS SPADES CLUBS DIAMONDS HEARTS NO TRUMPS MISERE
SIX 40 60 80 100 120
SEVEN 140 160 180 200 220
EIGHT 240 260 280 300 320
NINE 340 360 380 400 420
TEN 440 460 480
OPEN/BLIND MISERE 500
TEN 500 520
If the bid was a suit or no trump contract, the bidding team wins if they take at least the number of tricks the bid. Contractors score the corresponding number of points above. There are no additional points if they take more tricks than bid unless they win every trick, this is called a slam. If a contractor is able to make a slam they score 250 points if their bid was worth less than that. If the points corresponding to bid is worth more than 250 points there are no special points, they win their bid as normal.
If a contractor does not take enough tricks for their bid they score minus the point value of their contract. The other players score 10 extra points for every trick they win.
If the contract is a Misere and the contractor loses every trick they accumulate the points for that bid, if they win a trick they subtract the value of the bid from their points. Other players do not gain extra points.
The game ends when a team scores 500 or more points or with a winning a contract. It can also win if a team scores negative 500 points and loses. This is called “going out backward.”
Reaching 500 points alone is not sufficient to win the game if the opponents are stilly playing their contract. If this happens hands are played until a team wins under the stipulations described above.
- Misere bids are not permitted whatsoever.
- Misere may be bid without a 7 bid.
- The Joker may only be led in the last trick.
- You may not raise your bid after everyone else has passed.
- If you are at a score of 490 (or 480) you can not get points for winning a trick against a contractor.